Rural Land Use Change and Make Resilience Rural Land Use Management in Taiwan

Associate Prof. Chen-Fa Wu, Prof. Feng-Tyan Lin

Countryside in Taiwan demonstrates the functions of crops production, country life, and ecological service, which could be a representative extent to be investigated, thence support these three aspects to gear to international research projects and trend after the in-depth discussion. The approval of National Land Use Planning Act possessed the instruction for the planning of agricultural developing areas and the principles for countryside. The successive policies investigation, effect, and impact should be proceeds to early-warning policy assessment at current stage. Accordingly, this study aims to understand the country land use change in Taiwan and to construct the resilient country land use management model. The spatial dimension covers the country areas in Taiwan, and the temporal dimension will be included in this study.

The country land use change process in Taiwan and the driving force are discussed in the first year, when literature review and ground theory are utilized to identify the factors in land use change. Furthermore, binomial logistic regression is combined for analyzing the effect of such factors on land use distribution, change, and change process. The research results will provide quantitative land system dynamic change mechanism and simulation research for this sub-project.

The public perception of the country land use and environmental change in Taiwan is analyzed in the second year. The public perception questionnaire framework will be constructed through literature review and field interview for the field questionnaire survey. The relations among land change perception, disaster suffering experiences, coping behaviors, coping strategies, and strategic opportunities are constructed with Path Analysis to examine the difference in public perception among high, medium and low land use change areas. Accordingly, the suggestions for country land use change coping strategies based on the public opinion will then proposed.

The resilient country land use management model will be discussed in the third year. Centered on the spirit of National Land Use Planning Act, agricultural developing areas are selected as the research field. The land use change simulation proceeds under distinct resilient agricultural developing area management through the planning of agricultural developing areas. The investigation of reserved agricultural developing area and the land use change simulation program provided by the sub-project will be compared in land use distribution and ecological service among different circumstances. Taking the year 1970 as the reference, the practice of National Land Use Planning Act towards the farmland recovery area and location in agricultural developing areas and the recovery of ecological service systems are analyzed.

Summarizing the three-year research, the country land use change in Taiwan is proposed and the resilient country land use management model is constructed to evaluate the effect of domestic National Land Use Planning Act, thus geared to the Global Land Programme and share the research experiences from Taiwan to other countries all over the world.

 

台灣地區鄉村土地利用變遷與建構韌性鄉村土地利用管理模式之研究

土地系統科學相關主題之探討已成為全球性的研究議題,未來地球(Future Earth)與全球土地計劃(Global Land Project)已指出現今有待各國學者深入研究之議題,包括土地利用的動態、土地系統變遷的後果、基於土地永續性的整合性分析與模式等。台灣鄉村具備糧食生產、農村生活、生態服務等功能,是驗證上述三個議題的代表性場域,值得深入探究後,與國際研究計畫與趨勢接軌。此外,國土計畫法之通過,為鄉村的農業發展地區之規劃與使用原則提出指導性,後續相關政策研擬、效果與衝擊應於現階段進行預警性的政策評估。有鑑於此,本研究目的在於瞭解台灣地區鄉村土地利用變遷與建構韌性鄉村土地利用管理模式,研究空間尺度為全台灣鄉村地區,時間尺度為1904-2007 年,共分三年執行,第一年的研究重點在於探討台灣鄉村土地利用變遷過程與驅動力,將採用文獻回顧及紮根理論彙整土地利用變遷影響因子,結合二元羅吉斯迴歸法,進行變遷影響因子對土地利用分布、變遷、變遷歷程之影響分析,研究結果將提供子計畫一進行土地系統動態變遷機制量化及模擬研究使用。

第二年是進行台灣鄉村土地利用與環境變遷之民眾識覺分析,透過文獻回顧與現地訪談建構民眾識覺的問卷架構,進行現地問卷調查後,以路徑分析法建構出土地變遷識覺、受災經驗、調適行為、調適策略、策略機會之關係,檢定出高、中、低土地利用變遷地區之民眾識覺差異,並以此為基礎提出以民眾意見為基礎之鄉村土地利用變遷調適策略建議。第三年是韌性鄉村土地利用管理模式之探討,以國土計畫法精神為主軸,以農業發展地區為研究主體,經農業發展區劃設、農業發展區保留總量情境研擬,以及採用由子計畫提供土地利用變遷模擬程式,進行不同韌性農業發展區土地管理方式下,土地利用變遷模擬,比較不同情境之土地利用分布、生態服務功能差異,並以1970 年為基準,分析實施國土計畫法對於農業發展地區之農地恢復面積與區位、生態服務系統恢復程度。最後綜合三年之研究內容提出台灣地區鄉村土地利用變遷與建構韌性鄉村土地利用管理模式,可作為國內國土計畫法政策研擬之影響評估使用,並與全球土地計劃(Global Land Project)接軌,提出台灣地區的研究經驗與世界各國進行交流。